Yang-Yang thermometry and momentum distribution of a trapped one-dimensional Bose gas
We describe the use of the exact Yang-Yang solutions for the one-dimensional Bose gas to enable accurate kinetic-energy thermometry based on the root-mean-square width of an experimentally measured momentum distribution. Furthermore, we use the stochastic projected Gross-Pitaevskii theory to provide a quantitative description of the full momentum distribution measurements of Van Amerongen et al. [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 090402 (2008)]. We find the fitted temperatures from the stochastic projected Gross-Pitaevskii approach are in excellent agreement with those determined by Yang-Yang kinetic-energy thermometry.