Efficient Simulation of Explicitly Solvated Proteins in the Well-Tempered Ensemble
Herein, we report significant reduction in the cost of combined parallel tempering and metadynamics simulations (PTMetaD). The efficiency boost is achieved using the recently proposed well-tempered ensemble (WTE) algorithm. We studied the convergence of PTMetaD-WTE conformational sampling and free energy reconstruction of an explicitly solvated 20-residue tryptophan-cage protein (trp-cage). A set of PTMetaD-WTE simulations was compared to a corresponding standard PTMetaD simulation. The properties of PTMetaD-WTE and the convergence of the calculations were compared. The roles of the number of replicas, total simulation time, and adjustable WTE parameter ? were studied.