Techniques of Determinig the Turbidity of the Atmosphere1
After a short survey I of the principles underlying the determination of the turbidity coefficient β, earlier introduced by the author as a measure of the atmospheric turbidity, a condensed summary II is given of earlier and also of more recent determinations of β. The variation of the turbidity with the time of the year, the airmass and with latitude is discussed. Finally a simple method of determining the wave length dependence of the extinction by atmospheric aerosol is outlined. The method is founded upon measurements of integral radiation values with aid of pyrheliometers and glass filters, III. Accuracy and probable error are considered, IV.