Electrokinetic concentration, patterning, and sorting of colloids with thin film heaters
Reliable and simple techniques for rapid assembly and patterning of colloid architectures advance the discovery and implementation of such nanomaterials. This work demonstrates rapid electrokinetic two-dimensional assembly of colloidal structures guided by the geometry of thin film heaters within a parallel-plate device. This system is designed to enable either independently addressable or massively parallel colloidal assembly. A combination of electrothermal hydrodynamics, particle-electrode, and particle–particle electrokinetic interactions governs their assembly. Concentration and patterning of structures are shown with 1.0 Î¼m polystyrene particles and sorting between 1.0 Î¼m and 2.0 Î¼m particles is demonstrated. âº Rapid electrokinetic colloidal 2D self-assembly of structures is demonstrated. âº Assembled structures are guided by the geometry of thin film heaters. âº Independently addressable or parallel self-assembly processes are possible. âº Sorting between 1.0 Î¼m and 2.0 Î¼m particles is demonstrated.