Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Composite Nanochannels as Nanopumps Driven by Symmetric Temperature Gradients
In this Letter, we propose a composite nanochannel system, where half of the channel is of low surface energy, while the other half has a relatively high surface energy. Molecular dynamics simulations show that fluids in such channels can be continuously driven by a symmetric temperature gradient. In the low surface energy part, the fluid moves from high to low temperature, while the fluid migrates from low to high temperature in the high surface energy part. The mechanisms that govern the flow are explained and the conditions required to guarantee the flow and the possible applications are discussed.