Using computerized provider order entry and clinical decision support to improve referring physicians' implementation of consultants' medical recommendations.
Only half of consultants' medical recommendations are implemented. We created a tool that lets referring providers review and implement electronic recommendations made by consultants, with the hypothesis that facilitation with our tool could improve implementation. The tool was piloted among geriatrics consultants and hospitalists. Pre-post evaluation was done with control (before pilot; N=20) and intervention (after pilot; N=20) patients. Consultants wrote notes containing recommendations for all study patients, and entered electronic recommendations only for intervention patients. We analyzed all recommendations and surveyed hospitalists. A total of 249 recommendations were made for intervention patients versus 192 for controls (p<0.05). Of all recommendations about intervention patients, 78% were implemented, compared to 59% for controls (p=0.01). Of the intervention recommendations, 77% were entered electronically using our tool; of these, 86% were implemented. All 24 survey respondents indicated that the system improved quality, saved time, and should be expanded. Consultant recommendations were implemented 30% more often when there was electronic facilitation of recommendations.