Columnar mesophases of hexabenzocoronene derivatives. I. Phase transitions
Using atomistic molecular dynamic simulations we study the transitions between solid herringbone and liquid crystalline hexagonal mesophases of discotic liquid crystals formed by hexabenzocoronene derivatives. Combining a united atom representation for the side chains with the fully atomistic description of the core, we study the effect of side chain substitution on the transition temperatures as well as molecular ordering in the mesophases. Our study rationalizes the differences in charge carrier mobilities in the herringbone and hexagonal mesophases, which is predominantly due to the better rotational register of the neighboring molecules.