Formation of multihollow structures in crosslinked composite polymer particles
Micron-size monodisperse polymer particles having multihollow structures were prepared as follows. First, micron-size monodisperse polystyrene/poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) (PS/P(S-DVB)) composite particles were produced by seeded copolymerization of S and DVB with 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile as an initiator in the ethanol/water (76/24, weight ratio) medium in the presence of 2.37 µm-size monodisperse PS seed particles produced by dispersion polymerization. The molar ratio of S/DVB was changed in the range of 1/1~10/1. The uncrosslinked polymer within the composite particles was extracted with toluene under reflux. For the highest DVB content (S/DVB=1/1, molar ratio), one large hollow was observed in a part of the composite particles after the extraction. For the middle DVB content (S/DVB=4/1, molar ratio), multihollow structure was observed in all the particles. For the lowest DVB content (S/DVB=10/1, molar ratio), fine multihollow structure was observed in all the particles.