Relationship of Adult Neurogenesis with Tau Phosphorylation and GSK-3β Activity in Subventricular Zone
Altered neurogenesis has been reported in Alzheimer disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder characterized with hyperphosphorylated tau and accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ). Recent studies suggest that tau phosphorylation is essential for hippocampal neurogenesis, however, it is not known whether tau phosphorylation also play a role in neurogenesis of subventricular zone (SVZ), another main progenitor niche in the brain. Here, we examined the expression of phosphorylated tau (p-tau) in SVZ and analyzed the role of p-tau in adult SVZ neurogenesis. We found that the expression of p-tau increased during postnatal development and remains at a high level until adulthood, and the p-tau was colocalized with some SVZ neural precursors. However, up-regulating glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), a crucial tau kinase, had no effect on SVZ neurogenesis in adult rat brain. The SVZ neurogenesis was also unaffected in tau knockout and human tau transgenic mice. These results suggest that tau phosphorylation and GSK-3 activation may not be essential for adult SVZ neurogenesis.