Vertigo. A neurobiological review.
Dizziness is one of the most common presenting symptoms in clinical practice. Yet, the meaning of this symptom is patient-dependent and can span from true vertigo due to vestibular dysfunction to syncope or vertebro-basilar stroke. This review addresses the neurobiological background of vertigo and the most common syndrome of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, with an outline of the approach towards localization and management of the acute vertiginous patient.