Evaluation of antioxidant potential of ethyl acetate extract/fractions of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn
The present study estimates the free radical scavenging activity of the ethyl acetate extract/fractions of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn in different assays viz. 1′-1′ diphenyl-2′picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), deoxyribose (site specific and non-site specific), relative reducing power, chelating power and lipid peroxidation. The bark powder of the plant was extracted with different solvents by maceration method in the order of increasing and decreasing polarity. The crude ethyl acetate extract was partitioned with ethyl acetate and water (Flow Chart 1 and 2). The scavenging activity of fractions was found to be more as compared to the crude extract. The percent inhibition with water fraction of ethyl acetate extract was observed to be 71.2%, 73.66%, 83.37%, 75.63% and 72.92% in DPPH, chelating power, lipid peroxidation, site specific and non-site specific deoxyribose scavenging assays respectively at maximum concentration tested. l-ascorbic acid and BHT were used as reference compounds for comparing the activity of plant extract/fractions. Studies are in progress to evaluate the effect of extract/fractions in other antioxidant assays and identify the factors responsible for the activity.