A calibration method for quantitative BOLD fMRI based on hyperoxia
The estimation of changes in CMRO2 using functional MRI involves an essential calibration step using a vasoactive agent to induce an isometabolic change in CBF. This calibration procedure is performed most commonly using hypercapnia as the isometabolic stimulus. However, hypercapnia possesses a number of detrimental side effects. Here, a new method is presented using hyperoxia to perform the same calibration step. This procedure requires independent measurement of PaO2, the BOLD signal, and CBF. We demonstrate that this method yields results that are comparable to those derived using other methods. Further, the hyperoxia technique is able to provide an estimate of the calibration constant that has lower overall intersubject and intersession variability compared to the hypercapnia approach.