Bio-film formation on stainless steels Part 2. The role of seasonal changes, seawater composition and surface roughness
Bio-film formation on type 254 SMO stainless steel in Arabian Gulfwater was followed by measuring the variation of the open circuit potentials of test coupons under a variety of conditions. The time-potential curves exhibited two plateaus corresponding to oxide thickening and later to bio film development. The rate of film formation was found to depend on the ambient seawater temperature, which varied with the season. The reduction of the biological activity of the water through additions of pre-boiled and cooled seawater resulted in the retardation of bio-film formation and in the shift of the final steady-state potential towards less positive values. Similar behaviour was obtained when concentrating seawater by the addition of solid salt. The simultaneous reduction of biological activity and of salt content resulted. The characteristics ofthe formed bio-film depend on the nature ofthe metal surfaces. Smooth surfaces allowed the development of thin clear films while thicker dark films formed on coarse rough surfaces. These were usually associated with the growth of worm-like structures, initiating crevice and pitting corrosion.