Morphogenetic effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on pinto bean (<i>Phaseolus vulgaris</i> L.) leaf explants in vitro
Roots, callus and/or globular structures were produced on primary leaf and distal cotyledon explants of pinto bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. UI 114 ) cultured on semisolid MS medium with a wide range of 2,4-D concentrations (0.01 to 80 mg/L) with either 0 or 1.0 mg/L kinetin. Explants rooted at lower 2,4-D concentrations than at those favoring globule formation on callus, although roots, callus and globules often developed from the same explant. Isolated opaque green globular structures developed when callus initiated on media with 3 or more mg/L 2,4-D was subcultured in liquid MS + 30 mg/L 2,4-D. These structures multiplied with a fresh weight doubling time of 8–9 days in MS + 30 mg/L 2,4-D. Although this multiplicative behavior and opaque color were reminiscent of embryoids reported for other species, no cotyledons or roots were seen.