Regeneration of different cultivars of common bean ( <i>Phaseolus vulgaris</i> L.) via indirect organogenesis
A protocol for in vitro regeneration via indirect organogenesis for Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Negro Jamapa was established. The explants used were apical meristems and cotyledonary nodes dissected from the embryonic axes of germinating seeds. Several auxin/cytokinin combinations were tested for callus induction. The best callus production was obtained with medium containing 1.5 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. After 2 weeks of growth calli were transferred to shooting medium containing 22.2 μM 6-benzylaminopurine. Shoots regenerated with a frequency of approximately 0.5 shoots per callus, and upon transfer to rooting medium these shoots produced roots with 100% efficiency. Histological analyses of the regeneration process confirmed the indirect organogenesis pattern. Greenhouse grown regenerated plants showed normal development and were fertile. The protocol was reproducible for other nine P. vulgaris cultivars tested, suggesting a genotype independent procedure.