Swimming restricted foraging behavior of two zooplanktivorous fishes Pseudorasbora parva and Rasbora daniconius (Cyprinidae) in a simulated structured environment
In littoral zones of aquatic systems, submerged macrophytes have marked structural variation that can modify the foraging activity of planktivores. Swimming and feeding behavior of Pseudorasbora parva and Rasbora daniconius (Cyprinidae) on their prey Daphnia pulex and Artemia salina, respectively, was studied in a series of laboratory experiments with varying stem densities. A range of stem densities was tested for each of the two species to compare the effect of simulated macrophytes on prey attack rates and swimming speed, average stem distance (D) was measured in fish body lengths for each of the two fish species. We found that, with reducing average stem distance, the attack rate decreased in the similar trend and this trend was similar for both fish species. However, the species differed in the degree to which swimming activity was hindered at increased stem densities, and this was due to species-specific differences in the distance moved with one tail beat. Therefore, we conclude that the reductions in swimming speed with reduced average stem distance are due to the differences in fish movement per tail beat.