Fixational eye movements in amblyopia and strabismus.
Horizontal eye position was monitored using a photoelectric method during monocular and binocular fixation in four patients having amblyopia without strabismus, thirteen patients having constant strabismus with amblyopia, and five patients having intermittent strabismus. Four abnormalities of fixation were found: increased drift, saccadic intrusions, manifest nystagmus, and latent nystagmus. Increased drift was related to the presence of amblyopia, while saccadic intrusions and nystagmus were related to the presence of strabismus. Understanding dynamic aspects of oculomotor control can provide insight into clinical assessment of fixation in amblyopia and strabismus.