Size of direct CP violation in singly Cabibbo-suppressed D decays
The first experimental evidence for direct CP violation in charm-quark decays has recently been presented by the LHCb collaboration in the difference between the D -> K+ K- and D -> pi+ pi- time-integrated CP asymmetries. We estimate the size of the effects that can be expected within the Standard Model and find that at leading order in 1/mc they are an order of magnitude smaller. However, tree-level annihilation type amplitudes are known to be large experimentally. This implies that certain formally 1/mc-suppressed penguin amplitudes could plausibly account for the LHCb measurement. Simultaneously, the flavor-breaking parts of these amplitudes could explain the large difference between the D -> K+ K- and D -> pi+ pi- decay rates.