Large Graph Analysis in the GMine System
Current applications have produced graphs on the order of hundreds of thousands of nodes and millions of edges. To take advantage of such graphs, one must be able to find patterns, outliers and communities. These tasks are better performed in an interactive environment, where human expertise can guide the process. For large graphs, though, there are some challenges: the excessive processing requirements are prohibitive, and drawing hundred-thousand nodes results in cluttered images hard to comprehend. To cope with these problems, we propose an innovative framework suited for any kind of tree-like graph visual design. GMine integrates (a) a representation for graphs organized as hierarchies of partitions - the concepts of SuperGraph and Graph-Tree; and (b) a graph summarization methodology - CEPS. Our graph representation deals with the problem of tracing the connection aspects of a graph hierarchy with sublinear complexity, allowing one to grasp the neighborhood of a single node or of a group of nodes in a single click. Once a neighborhood is found, GMine provides interactive mining capabilities permitted by the summarization of its nodes through efficient algebraic processing. As a proof of concept, the visual environment of GMine is instantiated as a system in which large graphs can be investigated globally and locally.