Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) scaffolds with good mechanical properties and biocompatibility
Blending microbial polyesters polyhydroxyalkanoates containing polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) were turned into films and scaffolds. The films made from blending polyesters showed that the elongation to break of the blending PHBHHx/PHB film increased from 15% to 106% when PHBHHx content in the blend increased from 40% to 60%. Scaffolds made of PHBHHx/PHB consisting of 60 wt% PHBHHx showed strong growth and proliferation of chondrocytes on the blending materials under scanning electron microscope. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis of the extra cellular matrix on the scaffolds demonstrated a high level of calcium and phosphorus elements in a molar ratio of Ca/P at 1.66, this is approximately equal to that of natural material hydroxyapatite which has a Ca/P ratio of 1.67. This suggested that the chondrocyte cells grown on PHBHHx/PHB scaffolds presented effective physiological function for generation of cartilage.