Treatment of pain with morphine leads to paradoxical hyperalgesia. The authors provide evidence that morphine-induced hyperalgesia is a result of downregulation of the chloride transporter KCC2 in spinal lamina I neurons. Microglial expression of P2X4 receptors and release of BDNF may underlie this change in neuronal chloride homeostasis and morphine-induced hyperalgesia.
CiteULike organises scholarly (or academic) papers or literature and provides bibliographic
(which means it makes bibliographies) for universities and higher education establishments.
It helps undergraduates and postgraduates. People studying for PhDs or in postdoctoral (postdoc) positions.
The service is similar in scope to EndNote or RefWorks or any other reference manager
like BibTeX, but it is a social bookmarking service for scientists and humanities researchers.