An analysis of the universality, flexibility, and agility of total innovation management: a case study of Hewlett–Packard
Abstract Total Innovation Management (TIM) can be considered simply the mutually reinforcing innovation in all elements of an organization’s business system, by everyone, everywhere, all the time. We analyze HP’s innovation history and find that HP embodies all of the basic principles of TIM. This provides preliminary evidence for the universality of TIM. A longitudinal analysis indicates that HP also embodies the flexibility of TIM.