In search of the best correlates for local organismal biodiversity in cultivated areas
Based on a transect consisting of 19 identical trap stations in cultivated areas and seminatural habitats, the correlation of species numbers of higher taxonomic groups with total species numbers of flowering plants and arthropods per trap site was calculated. A total of 191214 invertebrate specimens and 2221 species of plants and animals were analysed. Considering the value of the correlation coefficient R2 as well as the effort for sorting and identification, a ‘top twenty’ list of indicator groups favours Heteroptera, flowering plants, Symphyta and aculeate Hymenoptera as the best choice for biodiversity evaluation. In general, flight traps rated better than pitfall traps. In most taxonomic groups, diversity indices such as the Shannon and the Simpson index were only weakly correlated with local species diversity.