Development of an Agricultural Biotechnology Crop Product: Testing from Discovery to Commercialization.
'Genetically modified' (GM) or 'biotech' crops have been the most rapidly adopted agricultural technology in recent years. The development of a GM crop encompasses trait identification, gene isolation, plant cell transformation, plant regeneration, efficacy evaluation, commercial event identification, safety evaluation and finally commercial authorization. This is a lengthy, complex and resource intensive process. Crops produced through biotechnology are the most highly studied food or food component consumed. Before commercialization, these products are shown to be as safe as conventional crops with respect to feed, food and the environment. This paper describes this global process and the various analytical tests that must accompany the product during the course of development, throughout its market life and beyond.