Endovascular treatment of a ureteroiliac fistula associated with ureteral double J-stenting and an aortic-bifemoral stent graft for an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm.
We report an unusual case of a ureteroiliac fistula due to prolonged ureteral stenting for hydronephrosis combined with an aortic-bifemoral stent graft in an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), treated with an endovascular stent graft. In a 77-year-old man ureteral J-stents were placed for bilateral hydronephrosis due to retroperitoneal fibrosis caused by an inflammatory AAA. The aneurysm was treated with an endovascular aortic-bifemoral stent graft. Three months later, the patient suffered from severe hypovolemic shock. Emergency angiography showed a fistula between the right ureter and the right common iliac artery just distal to the right leg of the stent graft. The ureteroiliac fistula was treated with a wall graft (10F). The patient recovered well and remained asymptomatic. Ureteroiliac fistula remains a rare complication of ureteral stenting. Several risk factors have been described before. This case emphazes the increased risk of an arterial-ureteral fistula due to an indwelling ureteral stent and an inflammatory AAA, especially in combination with an additional stent graft for this inflammatory AAA.