Crystal Structures of Penicillin-Binding Protein 3 (PBP3) from Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Apo and Cefotaxime‐Bound Forms
Staphylococcus aureus is a widespread Gramâpositive opportunistic pathogen, and a methicillinâresistant form (MRSA) is particularly difficult to treat clinically. We have solved two crystal structures of penicillinâbinding protein (PBP) 3 (PBP3) from MRSA, the apo form and a complex with the Î²-lactam antibiotic cefotaxime, and used electrospray mass spectrometry to measure its sensitivity to a variety of penicillin derivatives. PBP3 is a class B PBP, possessing an N-terminal non-penicillinâbinding domain, sometimes called a dimerization domain, and a C-terminal transpeptidase domain. The model shows a different orientation of its two domains compared to earlier models of other class B PBPs and a novel, larger N-domain. Consistent with the nomenclature of “dimerization domain”, the N-terminal region forms an apparently tight interaction with a neighboring molecule related by a 2-fold symmetry axis in the crystal structure. This dimer form is predicted to be highly stable in solution by the PISA server, but mass spectrometry and analytical ultracentrifugation provide unequivocal evidence that the protein is a monomer in solution. âº The crystal structure of PBP3 from S. aureus shows an open active site. âº Bioinformatics analysis suggests that the protein forms a dimer in solution. âº Mass spectrometry shows that the protein forms monomers in solution.