Recognition of head gestures using Hidden Markov Models International Conference on Pattern Recognition
This paper explores the use of Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) for the recognition of head gestures. A gesture corresponds to a particular pattern of head movement. The facial plane is tracked using a parameterized model and the temporal sequence of three image rotation parameters are used to describe four gestures. A dynamic vector quantization scheme was implemented to transform the parameters into suitable input data for the HMMs. Each model was trained by the iterative Baum-Welch procedure...