Diffusion tensor imaging in temporal lobe epilepsy.
Although mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) has long been recognized in association with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), there is a growing body of literature suggesting structural abnormalities extending beyond the temporal lobe in patients with TLE. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a novel imaging technique that provides insight into the structural integrity of cerebral white matter. DTI studies have demonstrated extensive bilateral white matter abnormalities in TLE that extend far beyond the temporal lobe, even in patients with unilateral MTS. The relationship between white matter abnormalities, seizures, and comorbidity in TLE remains unclear. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2011 International League Against Epilepsy.