Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Thiol-Capped Au Nanoparticles on a Water Surface and Their Deposition on H-Terminated Si(001) by the Langmuir−Blodgett Method
A monolayer of dodecanethiol-encapsulated Au nanoparticles when compressed laterally transforms into layer-by-layer assemblies on water surface. These layer-by-layer assemblies of Au nanoparticles have been deposited on H-terminated Si(001) substrates by using one down?up cycle (two strokes) in the Langmuir?Blodgett (LB) method. The transformation from monolayer to layer-by-layer assembly on a water surface is irreversible; i.e., if the compressed film is decompressed the layer-by-layer structure cannot regenerate the monolayer structure. Unlike layer-by-layer growth, only odd numbers of layers grow from the monolayer on the H-terminated Si(001) substrates by using different numbers of down?up cycles. Z-type LB deposition occurs only in the first down?up cycle of the hydrophobic substrate, whereas Y-type LB deposition takes place in the successive cycles. Such layer-by-layer assemblies of Au nanoparticles, which are made on bare silicon surfaces and where thickness can be controlled at the nanoscale level, are very promising for their novel applications in the field of nanoscience.