Hadron physics potential of future high-luminosity B-factories at the Upsilon(5S) and above
We point out the physics opportunities of future high-luminosity B-factories at the Upsilon(5S) resonance and above. In this paper we discuss numerous interesting investigations, which can be performed in the e+e- centre-of-mass energy region from the Upsilon(5S) and up to 11.5 GeV, where an efficient data taking operation should be possible with the planned B-factories. These studies include abundant Bs production and decay properties; independent confirmation and if found, exhaustive exploration of Belle's claimed charged bottomonia; clarification of puzzles of interquarkonium dipion transitions; extraction of the light quark mass ratio from hadronic Upsilon(5S) decays; analysis of quarkonium and exotic internal structure from open flavour decays, leading to severe SU(3) symmetry violations; clarification of whether a hybrid state has similar mass to the Upsilon(5S) bottomonium, making it a double state; searches for molecular/tetraquark states that should be more stable with heavy quarks; completion of the table of positive-parity B_J mesons and study of their basic properties; production of Lambda_b\barLambda_b heavy baryon pairs, that, following weak decay, open vistas on the charmed baryon spectrum and new channels to study CP violation; confirmation or refutation of the deviation from pQCD of the pion transition form factor, by extending the Q^2 reach of current analysis; and possibly reaching the threshold for the production of triply-charmed baryons. If, in addition, the future colliders can be later upgraded to 12.5 GeV, then the possibility of copious production of B_c\barB_c pairs opens, entailing new studies of CP violation and improved, independent tests of the CKM picture (through determination of V_bc), and of effective theories for heavy quarks.