Release of endogenous dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and amino acid transmitters from rat striatal slices.
The release of endogenous dopamine (DA) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) was measured in superfused striatal slices of the rat and the results compared with data obtained for the release of endogenous (a) DA and DOPAC in the cerebral cortex, nucleus accumbens and thalamus; (b) 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), GABA, and glutamate in the striatum; and (c) GABA, glutamate and 5-HT in the cerebral cortex. In superfused slices of all four CNS regions, there appeared to be a Ca2+-dependent, K+-stimulated release of endogenous DA. In addition, in slices of the striatum and nucleus accumbens there also appeared to be a Ca2+ -dependent, 60 mM K+ stimulated release of endogenous DOPAC. In the striatum, 16 mM Mg2+ was as effective as 2.5 mM Ca2+ in promoting the 60 mM K+-stimulated release of DOPAC. In addition, 16 mM Mg2+ appeared to function as a weak Ca2+ agonist since it also promoted the release of DA to approximately 40% of the level attained with Ca2+ in the presence of 60 mM K+. On the other hand, in the striatum, 16 mM Mg2+ inhibited the Ca2+-dependent, 60 mM K+-stimulated release of GABA and glutamate. Similar Mg2+-inhibition was observed in the cerebral cortex not only for GABA and glutamate but also for DA and 5-HT. With the use of alpha-methyl rho-tyrosine (tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor), cocaine (uptake inhibitor) and pargyline (monoamine oxidase inhibitor), it was determined that most of the released DA and DOPAC was synthesized in the slices during the superfusion; DOPAC was not formed from DA which had been released and taken up; and DA and DOPAC were released from DA nerve terminals. In addition, the data indicate a difference in the release process between the amino acids and the monoamines from striatal slices since Mg2+ inhibited the Ca2+-dependent, K+-stimulated release of GABA and glutamate and appeared to promote the release of DA and 5-HT.