High-resolution DNA melting analysis in clinical research and diagnostics.
Among nucleic acid analytical methods, high-resolution melting analysis is gaining more and more attention. High-resolution melting provides simple, homogeneous solutions for variant scanning and genotyping, addressing the needs of today's overburdened laboratories with rapid turnaround times and minimal cost. The flexibility of the technique has allowed it to be adopted by a wide range of disciplines for a variety of applications. In this review we examine the broad use of high-resolution melting analysis, including gene scanning, genotyping (including small amplicon, unlabeled probe and snapback primers), sequence matching and methylation analysis. Four major application arenas are examined to demonstrate the methods and approaches commonly used in particular fields. The appropriate usage of high-resolution melting analysis is discussed in the context of known constraints, such as sample quality and quantity, with a particular focus placed on proper experimental design in order to produce successful results.