Activity and the Li abundances in the FGK dwarfs
The aim of the present study is to determine the Li abundances for a large set of the FGK dwarfs and to analyse the connections between the Li content, stellar parameters, and activity. Atmospheric parameters, rotational velocities and Li abundances were determined from a homogeneous collection of the echelle spectra with high resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio. Rotational velocities vsini were determined by calibrating the cross-correlation function. Effective temperatures Teff were estimated by the line-depth ratio method. Surface gravities log g were computed by two methods: iron ionization balance and parallax. LTE Li abundances were computed using the synthetic spectrum method. The behaviour of the Li abundance was examined in correlation with Teff, [Fe/H], vsini and level of activity in three stellar groups of different temperatures. The stellar parameters and Li abundances are presented for 150 slow rotating stars of the lower part of MS. The studied stars show a decline in the Li abundance with decreasing temperature Teff and a significant spread, which should be due to the differences of age. A correlation between Li abundance, vsini and level of chromospheric activity is seen for stars with 6000>Teff>5700 K, and it is tighter for stars with 5700>Teff>5200 K. Stars with Teff<5200 K do not show any correlation between log A(Li) and vsini. The relationship between chromospheric and coronal fluxes in active stars with detected Li as well as in less active stars gives a hint that there exist different conditions in the action of the dynamo mechanism in those stars. We found that the Li-activity correlation is evident only in a restricted temperature range and the Li abundance spread seems to be present in a group of low chromospheric activity stars that also show a broad spread in chromospheric vs coronal activity.