Abundances of Red Giants in Old Open Clusters. V. Be 31, Be 32, Be 39, M 67, NGC 188, and NGC 1193
We present a detailed abundance analysis based on high resolution spectroscopy for 16 stars in the old open clusters Be 31, Be 32, Be 39, M 67, NGC 188, and NGC 1193. Average cluster metallicities of [Fe/H] = -0.30 ± 0.02, -0.21 ± 0.01, +0.03 ± 0.07, +0.12 ± 0.02, and -0.22 ± 0.14 (s.d.) have been found for Be 32, Be 39, M 67, NGC 188, and NGC 1193, respectively. The two stars observed in the field of Be 31 have disparate radial velocities and elemental abundance patterns, and also disagree with the possible Be 31 star studied by Yong et al. We conclude that membership has yet to be established for this important cluster, and therefore no element abundances measured here or in previous studies of Be 31 should be taken as definitive cluster abundances. A careful comparison of our results for the clusters M 67 and Be 32 to those of other studies shows general good agreement and identifies systematic differences resulting from different analyses. After combination of our results with those of other studies for clusters spanning the full R <SUB>gc</SUB> range of the thin disk, we explore the abundance distributions as a function of R <SUB>gc</SUB> and age for the elements Fe, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, and Ni. As found in previous work, the [Fe/H] gradient appears to be continuous up to R <SUB>gc</SUB> ~ 13 kpc before flattening in the outer disk. [X/Fe] ratios show a scatter of 0.2-0.3 dex at all R <SUB>gc</SUB>, for all elements considered. The [X/Fe] values of the six clusters analyzed here are consistent with those of other clusters of similar metallicity and Galactocentric location. Our whole cluster sample shows trends of increasing [O/Fe] and [Al/Fe] with age, although these trends vanish with the inclusion of other clusters from the literature. Larger, homogeneous open cluster samples are necessary to verify the existence and magnitude of abundance trends with age.