Quantum network teleportation for quantum information distribution and concentration
We investigate the schemes of quantum network teleportation for quantum information distribution and concentration, which are essential in quantum cloud computation and the quantum internet. In those schemes, with the prior shared entanglement in the quantum network, the cloud can send simultaneously identical unknown quantum states to clients located in different places. Additionally, with the same entanglement resource, these clients can concentrate their states to the cloud to reconstruct the original state. The number of clients can be beyond the number of identical quantum states intentionally being sent; this quantum network teleportation can make sure that the quantum states' distribution is optimal in the sense that the fidelity achieves the upper bound. These schemes facilitate the quantum information distribution and concentration in quantum networks in the framework of quantum cloud computation. Potential applications in time synchronization and the photonic implementation of those schemes are discussed.