Spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function measurements on well-defined textured surfaces: direct observation of shadowing, masking, inter-reflection, and transparency effects
We present results for the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) for samples of uniform rectangular and triangular grooves constructed from polydimethylsilicone replicas. The measurements are performed with the detector in the plane of incidence, but with varying groove orientations with respect to that plane. The samples are opaque in some cases and semitransparent in others. By measuring the BRDF for colored samples over a wide spectral range, we explicitly probe the effect of sample albedo, which is important for inter-reflections. For the opaque samples, we compare the results with exact theoretical results either taken from the literature (for the triangular geometry) or worked out here (for the rectangular geometry). For both geometries, we also extend the theoretical results to finite length grooves. There is generally very good agreement between theory and the experiment. Shadowing, masking, and inter-reflection are clearly observed, as well as effects that may be due to polarization and asperity scattering. For semitransparent samples, we observe the effect of increasing transparency on the BRDF.