GABAA-Dependent Chloride Influx Modulates Reversal Potential of GABAB-Mediated IPSPs in Hippocampal Pyramidal Cells
Changes in intracellular chloride concentration, mediated by chloride influx through GABAA receptor–gated channels, may modulate GABAB receptor–mediated inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (GABAB IPSPs) via unknown mechanisms. Recording from CA3 pyramidal cells in hippocampal slices, we investigated the impact of chloride influx during GABAA receptor–mediated IPSPs (GABAA IPSPs) on the properties of GABAB IPSPs. At relatively positive membrane potentials (near −55 mV), mossy fiber–evoked GABAB IPSPs were reduced (compared with their magnitude at −60 mV) when preceded by GABAAreceptor–mediated chloride influx. This effect was not associated with a correlated reduction in membrane permeability during the GABAB IPSP. The mossy fiber–evoked GABAB IPSP showed a positive shift in reversal potential (from −99 to −93 mV) when it was preceded by a GABAA IPSP evoked at cell membrane potential of −55 mV as compared with −60 mV. Similarly, when intracellular chloride concentration was raised via chloride diffusion from an intracellular microelectrode, there was a reduction of the pharmacologically isolated monosynaptic GABABIPSP and a concurrent shift of GABAB IPSP reversal potential from −98 to −90 mV. We conclude that in hippocampal pyramidal cells, in which “resting” membrane potential is near action potential threshold, chloride influx via GABAA IPSPs shifts the reversal potential of subsequent GABAB receptor–mediated postsynaptic responses in a positive direction and reduces their magnitude.