Large Scale Personality Classification of Bloggers
edited by: Sidney D’Mello, Arthur Graesser, Björn Schuller, Jean-Claude Martin
Personality is a fundamental component of an individual’s affective behavior. Previous work on personality classification has emerged from disparate sources: Varieties of algorithms and feature-selection across spoken and written data have made comparison difficult. Here, we use a large corpus of blogs to compare classification feature selection; we also use these results to identify characteristic language information relating to personality. Using Support Vector Machines, the best accuracies range from 84.36% (openness to experience) to 70.51% (neuroticism). To achieve these results, the best performing features were a combination of: (1) stemmed bigrams; (2) no exclusion of stopwords (i.e. common words); and (3) the boolean, presence or absence of features noted, rather than their rate of use. We take these findings to suggest that both the structure of the text and the presence of common words are important. We also note that a common dictionary of words used for content analysis (LIWC) performs less well in this classification task, which we propose is due to their conceptual breadth. To get a better sense of how personality is expressed in the blogs, we explore the best performing features and discuss how these can provide a deeper understanding of personality language behavior online.