[Historian and physician as researchers of the history of medical sciences].
It can be observed that recently the historiography of medical sciences has anew searched for its own identity and its place among other medical and historical sciences. On the one hand, the researchers in this field are not physicians exclusively any longer but more and more frequently the representatives of other medical professions and professional historians, as well. On the other hand, the major direction of interest to the history of medical sciences, i.e. cultivating the traditions of medical professions and molding the attitudes of environments related with them is not sufficient in the long run. The variety of extra source knowledge, shared in the community of researches, diverse research approaches, hierarchy of problems worth studying and, finally scientific traditions individual research groups derive from have produced a significant ferment in the medical environments. At last disputes have been held, although quite often unofficially during various scientific meetings, on professional qualification of a historian of medical sciences and sometimes on the scope of his or her discipline. The author analyzes in detail the divergence in the features of individual study approaches for both groups and their consequences. The author's standpoint is that it is necessary to be aware of the diverse study approaches and hierarchy of problem eligible for studying to break the distinction and create interdisciplinary units. This will allow an interparadigmatic dialog, a professional division of work and search for the area of common interest, while retaining methodological autonomic features.