Influence of Photorespiration on ATP/ADP Ratios in the Chloroplasts, Mitochondria, and Cytosol, Studied by Rapid Fractionation of Barley (Hordeum vulgare) Protoplasts
Using the principle described by R McC Lilley, M Stitt, G Mader, HW Heldt (1982 Plant Physiol 70: 965-970), an apparatus for rapid fractionation of barley leaf (Hordeum vulgare) protoplasts by membrane filtration was built. From studies of ATP/ADP ratios, it is concluded that the quenching of metabolic reactions is very fast, making it possible to use the method for studies on metabolic interactions between different compartments in plant cells. The fractionation method was used to study the influence of photorespiration on ATP/ADP ratios in the chloroplasts, mitochondria, and cytosol of barley leaf protoplasts. The cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio was higher under photorespiratory conditions than under nonphotorespiratory conditions. Aminoacetonitrile, an inhibitor of the photorespiratory conversion of glycine to serine, had a very small effect on the ATP/ADP ratios in the different subcellular compartments during photosynthesis in nonphotorespiratory conditions (saturating CO2). In photorespiratory conditions (limiting CO2), on the other hand, aminoacetonitrile increased the ATP/ADP ratio in the chloroplasts and decreased the ATP/ADP ratios in the mitochondria and the cytosol. These results are consistent with the hypothesis, that during photorespiration glycine oxidation is coupled to oxidative phosphorylation to provide ATP to the cytosol.