Extending homologous sequence based on the single gene mutants by one-step PCR for efficient multiple gene knockouts.
Multiple gene knockouts play an important role in metabolic engineering. The flanked homology length, homologous to the region adjacent to the target gene, of the knockout fragments has a great effect on the efficiency of multiple gene knockouts, whereas the existing gene knockout methods can only supply a very short homology. This article presents a strategy of easily extending homologous sequence based on the available strain library through one-step PCR amplification (the one-step PCR method). In this approach, the library of single gene mutants was used as the templates for PCR to amplify knockout fragments. Thus, the flanked homology can be extended as long as possible by designing primers upstream and downstream far from the target gene. Based on the one-step PCR method, we studied the effect of the homology length and the number of mutations on the efficiency of multiple gene knockouts. Our results indicated that the one-step PCR method permitted rapid and efficient construction of multiple mutants continuously or simultaneously, and a length of 200-300 bp homologous sequence was equal for multiple gene knockouts.