Profiling the kinome: Current capabilities and future challenges.
Protein kinases are the second largest human protein family, but in terms of research interest, both basic and applied, they are surely the most popular. Over the past decade, many techniques and approaches for studying the kinome have been described and the pace of development is ever increasing. Presently, a molecular biologist can approach the kinome from many different angles: what kinases are active during a specific cell state of interest or become activated in response to a specific stimulus? What are the effects of controlling the activation status of an individual kinase? What substrates are targeted by a particular kinase, either in general or under particular conditions? And what kinase is responsible for targeting a specific phosphorylation site of interest? These are some of the more commonly asked questions during any kinase-centric research project and different strategies have been devised for answering such queries. In this review, we outline the most promising of these approaches, particularly those with a capacity for high-throughput studies. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Proteomics from protein structures to clinical applications (CNPN 2012). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.