Racial/ethnic variation in cigarette smoking among the civilian US population by occupation and industry, TUS-CPS 1998–1999
Although observational research studies have shown variance in the prevalence of smoking among occupations and industries, few have examined the role of race/ethnicity. This study examined racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence of current smoking and cigarette consumption patterns by occupation, industry and workplace smoking policy. Data were examined for 9095 African American (AA), 1025 American Indian/Alaska Native, 3463 Asian/Pacific Islander (AAPI), 8428 Hispanic, and 86,676 white participants in the 1998–1999 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Race-stratified multivariate logistic regression analyses, Chi-square tests, and ANOVA were used to examine the association between the covariates and smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption patterns. Current smoking prevalence ranged from a high of 35.1% for AI/AN to 15.2% for AAPI. Occupation was not significantly associated with current smoking for Hispanics, AI/ANs, and AAPIs while neither occupation nor industry was associated with current smoking among African Americans after adjustment for gender, age group, education, income, or workplace smoking policies. These data confirm results of previous studies that show occupation and industry variation in smoking prevalence and also highlight the importance of examining racial/ethnicity as a covariate in studies of smoking prevalence.