Phase fluctuations of a Bose-Einstein condensate in low-dimensional geometry
We investigate the phase fluctuations of a Bose-Einstein condensate in one- (1D) and three-dimensional (3D) elongated harmonic traps with the help of the numerical simulation using classical field approximation. By calculating the eigenvalues of the one-dimensional single-particle density matrix we show that the phase fluctuations of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in a 1D system are due to the thermal low-energy excitations. We find that the phase fluctuations depend on the temperature as has been predicted [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 3745 (2000), Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 050404 (2001)]. Finally we show that the phase coherence length of a condensate in a harmonic trap depends on the aspect ratio of anisotropy (geometry) of the trap. We determine the border between the 3D and quasi-one-dimensional systems by calculating the phase coherence length of the condensate.