Game theory for cognitive radio networks: An overview
Cognitive radio technology, a revolutionary communication paradigm that can utilize the existing wireless spectrum resources more efficiently, has been receiving a growing attention in recent years. As network users need to adapt their operating parameters to the dynamic environment, who may pursue different goals, traditional spectrum sharing approaches based on a fully cooperative, static, and centralized network environment are no longer applicable. Instead, game theory has been recognized as an important tool in studying, modeling, and analyzing the cognitive interaction process. In this tutorial survey, we introduce the most fundamental concepts of game theory, and explain in detail how these concepts can be leveraged in designing spectrum sharing protocols, with an emphasis on state-of-the-art research contributions in cognitive radio networking. Research challenges and future directions in game theoretic modeling approaches are also outlined. This tutorial survey provides a comprehensive treatment of game theory with important applications in cognitive radio networks, and will aid the design of efficient, self-enforcing, and distributed spectrum sharing schemes in future wireless networks.