Effects of an electronic topological transition for anisotropic low-dimensional superconductors
We study the superconducting properties of a two-dimensional superconductor in the proximity to an electronic topological transition (ETT). In contrast to the three-dimensional (3D) case, we find that the superconducting gap at T=0, the critical temperature Tc, and the impurity scattering rate are characterized by a nonmonotonic behavior, with maxima occurring close to the ETT. We derive analytical expressions for the value of such maxima both in the s-wave and in the d-wave cases. Such expressions are in good qualitative agreement with the phenomenological trend recently observed for Tcmax as a function of the hopping ratio t′/t across several cuprate compounds. We further analyze the effect of an ETT on the Ginzburg-Landau stiffness η. Instead of vanishing at the ETT, as could be expected, thus giving rise to an increase of the fluctuation effects, in the case of momentum-independent electron-electron interaction, we find η≠0, as a result of an integration over the whole Fermi surface.