Effects of extrusion and glycerol content on properties of oxidized and acetylated corn starch-based films
Oxidized and acetylated corn starch-based films were prepared by casting with glycerol as a plasticizer. The present study investigated the effects of extrusion prior to film-making and glycerol content on the properties of starch films. The films with extrusion exhibited lower tensile strength, higher elongation at break, higher water vapor permeability and higher oil permeability than those without extrusion. Extrusion reduced heat sealability of the films. With the increase of glycerol content, the ﬁlms became more ﬂexible with higher elongation at break and lower tensile strength. Water vapor permeability, oil permeability and the range between the onset temperature and the melt peak temperature rose as glycerol content increased. The thermograms indicated that plasticizers and biopolymers were compatible. These results suggested that extrusion did no good to starch films while glycerol content had apparent effect on the mechanical and barrier properties of the films.