Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optical fibres
Correlated photons have been used in quantum optics for the generation of squeezed light, demonstration of quantum interference effects, quantum cryptography, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiments and most recently, quantum teleportation. Usually, they are generated using χ (2) parametric processes to take advantage of large χ (2) nonlinearities and to wavelength separate the correlated photons from the pump photons. Here, we examine the generation of correlated photons using χ (3) parametric processes in optical fibres. We show that using such processes provides a simple and inexpensive correlated photon source readily compatible with communications technologies.