Novelty detection: a review—part 1: statistical approaches
Novelty detection is the identification of new or unknown data or signal that a machine learning system is not aware of during training. Novelty detection is one of the fundamental requirements of a good classification or identification system since sometimes the test data contains information about objects that were not known at the time of training the model. In this paper we provide state-of-the-art review in the area of novelty detection based on statistical approaches. The second part paper details novelty detection using neural networks. As discussed, there are a multitude of applications where novelty detection is extremely important including signal processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, data mining, and robotics.