Use of calculated sound fields and matched‐field detection to locate sound sources in shallow water
The calculated complex sound field cj for sensor j at depth zj and range rj from a sound source of frequency ω and depth z0 can be written in the normal‐mode form as cj= (2π/rj)1/2 ΣmUm(z0) Um(zj) exp[i (kmrj−ωt)]. Here, km is the horizontal wavenumber of mode m and Um is the depth function of the mth mode. It is proposed that the detection factor DF=ΣJj=1 cjc∗k〈 (c0jc0k∗) ∗〉 is a reasonable measure for determination of whether a set of sound pressure measurements c0j for j=1,2,⋅⋅⋅,J is a good fit to calculated values of cj for an assumed location of the sound source. Here 〈 〉 denotes a time average and ∗ denotes complex conjugate. Several examples are shown where a set of c0j are calculated for a given source location in a typical shallow water channel and values of DF are then calculated for a grid of range depth or range azimuth locations.Subject Classification: 60.20; 30.82.